To set expectations - this is my personal weblog. What I put here is the bits that (to my mind) might be otherwise missing. I am not interested in repeating material covered elsewhere. If you are already well-read, then I hope these bits will nudge your thinking forward a bit (even if you do not entirely agree with my conclusions).
On the other had, if you are seriously short of clues, I am not going to help you. Spent enough time on USENET News (long ago) to note the point of diminishing returns. Since I write these bits as an entertainment (of sorts), I am not going to invest a lot of time with folk who are too many laps behind.
Disregarding the usual noise, there is one bit which it is worth responding, as it (quite unintentionally) illustrates my point.
New gives you prototype inheritance, performance benefits, and it's about language semantics.
That is exactly my point! ... only the reality differs from the assumptions of the guy making the comment (and I suspect he has a lot of company). Back in the late 1980's / early 1990's the pragmatic consensus was to move forward with object-oriented languages that could be made to run efficiently on the then-current hardware. How to generate optimal code for static class hierarchies was fairly well understood, at that time. More dynamic object-oriented languages were simply too hard to optimize.
This makes sense. Writing script for web pages is programming in the small. The number of entities on a web page is small, as are the number of repeated instances. Static classes with efficient support for huge numbers of behavior-identical instances are essentially useless in a web page. If you are creating large numbers of instances for a web page, you are almost certainly doing it wrong. (Note the "flyweight" class pattern is useful here.)
Assumptions should be checked ... so I wrote a micro-benchmark.
- The method is bound to the instance.
- The method is bound to the "class" (via the __proto__ member).
- The method is bound to the "class" (via the function invoked via new).
For programmers coming from C++/Java/C#, the notions that made sense no longer apply. Thus the emphasis on denying any semblance to static-class languages. This was exactly my point.